4 Types of HVAC Systems

Tips to Avoid an HVAC Emergency This Summer

Sometimes the types of heating and air conditioning systems on the market can be a bit confusing. Not only is it hard to keep track of what’s what, but it can also be hard to decide what’s the right type for your home. We’re here to help. Take a look at the four most popular types of HVAC systems.

#1: Split Systems

A split system includes an outside condenser unit paired with an inside unit, hence the name “split”. The inside unit can be a furnace or a heat pump air handler. The first category of split systems use an electric air conditioning unit for cooling paired with a natural gas, liquid propane, or oil furnace for heating. While the second category are known as heat pumps and use electricity to both cool and heat.

This type of system has a system of ducts and vents to pull in and blow out air to heat and cool your home. This is one of the most reasonably priced systems with energy efficiency ratings that range from 80% to nearly 98%, depending on the brand and model.

Visit our Product Insight page on our website to check out some great videos on how each type of system works.

#2: Mini Split Heat Pump (a.k.a. Ductless)

A mini split heat pump works by pulling warm air out of the home to cool it and warm air into the house to heat it. That’s a simplified way of explaining a highly energy-efficient system that doesn’t require ducts and that can reduce your energy consumption and your utility bills. These units typically hang on the wall, but some models can be floor mounted. Ask your comfort adviser what the most appropriate technology is for your application. Ductless units are great for sunrooms, garages, man-caves, and she-shacks.

#3: Geothermal Heating and Cooling

Geothermal systems use the heat from the ground to heat and cool your home. In the winter, water moves through the underground pipes to heat and moves back up and into the system to warm your home. In the summer, the system works in reverse moving the heat from inside down into the ground for cooling.

#4: Package Units

Unlike split systems that have equipment in two separate locations, inside and outside, package units wrap everything up in one convenient package that sits outside your home. These types of units are good when the crawlspace is low, and you can’t get the air handler equipment under the house. The drawback is that they normally don’t offer the higher energy efficiencies of split systems. Package units come in both heat pump models and electric air conditioning with gas furnace.

Do you still feel confused or unsure? Never fear - that’s what your local HVAC company is for. Contact the HVAC and energy specialists at G+S Heating Air Energy Services today for all the information you need to pick the right system for your home. Also check out some animations of the different systems on our website at be clicking here

Back to Blog List